The farthest corners of India are stuffed with purest art expressions. Folk Paintings in India make you dazzle by their simplistic intensity. The color and the exuberance of these time-honored art forms give them the picturesque charm which very few other art forms can desire for. You can certainly say that ethnic Indian responsiveness is represented best through the Folk Paintings. Folk Paintings of India are the toast of the world fine art course. Indian folk paintings reflect the colors of Indian culture. As the Indian culture is vivid so is the Indian folk painting. The beautiful colors of Indian Folk painting are splashed in the account below.
Folk painting in India was discovered by Indian scholars towards the opening of 20th Century. They started noticing the effervescent motives that had festooned their walls and courtyard for long. The plainness which the proponents of Modern Art so aspired eagerly for was so naturally accomplished in Indian Folk Painting. So, Indian Folk Painting was known for its correct artistic value.
Folk paintings are illustrative expressions of village painters, marked by the subjects from epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata, Puranas and every day village life, animals, birds and natural objects. The color was mostly drawn from natural material, leaves, clothes, earthen pots, mud and stone walls are used as canvas. Folk paintings evolved in different region of India mainly depending upon mythological stories, rural cultures and everyday rituals.
Warli painting of Maharastra is gifted from a tribe. These paintings are created in white on rigorous mud. Impulsive expressions of folk life, beliefs and customs are painted in these paintings.
Probably, Bengal was aloof from court life. The strongest painting medium is ‘Pata painting’ of the Kalighat area of Calcutta. Simple bold lines and flat colors are used here to portray the Hindu gods and goddesses. Manasamangal is an all time favorite subject of this painting.
The Jains occupy artists for creating enlightened versions of the Jain consecrated texts in the libraries.
Two types of folk paintings are famous here. First is `Patas`. Second is palm leaf etching, locally called `Talapatrachitra`, amongst the most ancient art forms. The artists of this painting reside in Puri and Cuttak.
The Pahari paintings evolved in sub-Himalayan areas (Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir) during Rajput kings. It illustrates beautiful scenes of Himalaya as background and describes mythological stories and epics in a gentle, powdery color.
In Rajasthan, folk paintings are generally done on some particular occasions (birth ceremony, marriage, and festivals). Folk paintings are practiced by several tribes. Bhill paintings involve Goddess of clan, dancing men and women, bridal chamber, Lord Siva, and various birds and animals. Vivid delight and excellent expression mirror in these pictures on the wall at house entrance. Sanjhya is another Rajasthani folk art form. Young girls, especially the newlywed in Malwa and Mewar areas paint the walls for 14-15 days during the `Pitrapaksha`, when ancestors of Hindus are remembered and presented ritual oblation.
Madhubani/ Mithila art is continual in some areas of Bihar. The village women create the pictures of Krishnalila, Ramayana, Mahabharata and other Hindu mythologies, birds, animals and other natural objects on their hut’s mud walls. Today it is done on clothes and paper.
Arunachal, Sikkim and other places in the Northeastern states of India are no less where folk painting in India is concerned. Monpa painting (Sikkim) holds traditional Buddhist influence. Another Buddhist art form is Thangka-paintings on flat surface and painted or embroidered Buddhist banners. When Thangkas are not displayed, they are rolled up. So, they are also called scroll painting.
Paithan in the Godavari plateau, Deccan houses unusual folk style. It is notable for its novelty, and brushwork boldness. Rest part of South India doesn’t come under the folk painting section. Paintings of gods and goddesses on the small shrines of Tamil Nadu and on temple floors in Kerala really painted with dyed powders have some liveliness of folk paintings.
Folk painting in India is graceful and gorgeous to a great extent. Their splendor and magnificence know no bounds.